What is Environmental Damage?

The Environmental Liability Regulations 2008 define environmental damage under three categories:

  • Damage to natural habitats and protected species – any damage that has significant adverse effects on reaching or maintaining the favourable conservation status of European designated habitats or species  (i.e. those covered by the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and  Birds Directive (79/409/EEC)
  • Damage which significantly adversely affects the ecological, chemical and/or quantitative status and/or ecological potential of waters covered in the  Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC).
  • Contamination that creates a significant risk of human health being adversely affected as a result of the direct or indirect introduction in or under the land of substances, preparations, organisms or micro-organisms.