Biodegradable waste refers to any organic material that can naturally break down into simple compounds by the action of microorganisms, such as bacteria, fungi, and other decomposers. This type of waste usually comes from plant or animal sources, such as food scraps, leaves, grass clippings, and paper products. Unlike non-biodegradable waste, which can persist in the environment for hundreds of years and pose a threat to wildlife and human health, biodegradable waste can be recycled back into the ecosystem without causing harm. The process of biodegradation involves the breakdown of complex organic compounds into simpler compounds, which are then used as nutrients by other living organisms. Proper management of biodegradable waste is essential for maintaining a healthy environment and reducing greenhouse gas emissions associated with landfilling and incineration.