The Industrial Emissions Directive explained
The Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (or IED for short) is aimed at reducing emissions from industrial production processes and has been in force in Ireland since 6 January 2011 and was implemented from 23 April 2013 onwards.
In the past the Environmental Protection Agency in Ireland has issued Waste Licences and IPPC Licences for activities which are listed in the Third and Fourth Schedules to the Waste Management Act 1996 (as amended) and the First Schedule to the Environmental Protection Agency Act 1992 (as amended) respectively.
The Industrial Emissions Directive (2010/75/EU) has introduced a new type of licence that can be granted by the EPA called an Industrial Emissions Licence. The activities which will require this licence are listed in Annex I of the Industrial Emissions Directive.
The IED uses an integrated approach which is aimed at protecting the environment as a whole. The permit is required to refer to the complete environmental performance of the plant including emissions to air, water and land, generation of waste, use of raw materials, energy efficiency, noise, prevention of accidents and restoration of the site upon closure.
In the case where the activity uses, produces, or releases relevant hazardous substances, the plant is obliged to prepare a baseline report before starting an operation or before a permit is updated taking into consideration possible soil and groundwater contamination.
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