Environmental impact refers to the effects that human activities have on the natural environment. These impacts can be beneficial, such as the creation of new habitats through land restoration efforts or the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions through the adoption of renewable energy sources. However, more often than not, the impact of human activities on the environment is negative. Human activities such as deforestation, pollution, and overfishing can cause irreversible damage to ecosystems, leading to a loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services that are essential for the well-being of both human societies and the natural world. Environmental impact assessments are used to evaluate the potential effects of proposed development projects on the environment and to identify measures to mitigate negative impacts. Ultimately, minimizing the environmental impact of human activities is crucial for ensuring the sustainability of the planet and the continued survival of all living beings.